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In , during the wars of Italian unification, Campione petitioned Switzerland for annexation. After Italian unification in , all land west of Lake Lugano and half of the lake were given to Switzerland so that Swiss trade and transport would not have to pass through Italy.
This was to assert the exclave's Italian character. The Swiss ignored the situation as long as the Americans kept a low profile.
Postage stamps were issued during this period inscribed "Campione d'Italia" and valued in Swiss currency.
Campione has had a considerable amount of economic and administrative integration with Switzerland, but against the wishes of its residents, it formally became part of the EU customs territory on 1 January A border crossing will be established.
Prior to that time, it was de facto in the customs territory of Switzerland, meaning most of the public services were carried out by Swiss providers, such as refuse collection, telecommunications, and vehicle registration.
Although as part of Italy the euro is formally the only legal tender , in practice the main operating currency in the commune has been the Swiss franc ,   but euros are widely accepted.
Pursuant to bilateral agreements, Italians residing in Campione also benefit from many services and facilities located in Swiss territory, such as hospital care, that would otherwise be available only to Swiss residents.
Firefighters and ambulances are provided by the Swiss authorities. Mille anni di storia identificabili come vicende proprie anche di Campione: il feudo di S.
La gastronomia ed i ristoranti seguono questo sviluppo ed evoluzione, stimolati dalla eterogenea richiesta della variegata clientela. Il Canton Ticino ha una sua agricoltura di nicchia , molto specialistica.
Ed offre prodotti tipici freschi e genuini di stagione. Il nucleo principale risale sicuramente al VII secolo seppur con il nome di S.
Secondo altri, il nome andrebbe ricondotto a un termine di origine sassone che indica il luogo dove andranno o partiranno, che sarebbe stato importato da monaci di passaggio ospiti dello xenodochio ostello per i viaggiatori.
Erano i primi sintomi del Barocco che doveva apparire circa un secolo dopo. La lunetta che lo completa contiene una bella crocifissione nel tondo, circondata da fedeli oranti.
La Madonna quattrocentesca ha, ai lati, due nicchie che ospitano la Maddalena con il vaso dei profumi e S. Rocco pellegrino.
Essi rappresentano la storia di S. It is a part of Italy. Like an island, it is detached from the mainland and can be reached directly from Italy only by water.
Campione is a half-mile swim, just across the lake of Lugano. It is about two kilometers southeast of the City of Lugano. From Malpensa-Milan or Linate-Milan airport, there are direct flights via Alitalia and many other airlines to every major city in the world.
Campione is easier to get to with public transportation than most other tax havens including nearby Liechtenstein. Liechtenstein, for instance, is two hours by public bus from Zurich International.
There is no train, and one must change buses three times to get to Vaduz, Liechtenstein. For Campione, one can fly into Milan International, take the airport bus into Milan, and then take a bus or train to Lugano.
There is even a free bus every day sponsored by the Casino. This will mean about two hours of travel time from the airport to Campione.
Our favorite shortcut is to rent a car at either of the Milan airports. Getting to Campione by car from either of the Milan airports should take under one hour.
The only other tax haven more convenient to a major airport is Monaco, served by the Nice International Airport. Because there are so many wealthy people in Monaco, there is a connecting helicopter flight every few minutes to downtown Monaco as well as trains, limo service, or taxis.
Since there is an excellent freeway between Linate-Milan and Campione, we have found the best option is to fly into Milan and rent a car for a round trip to Campione.
Just before you enter Campione, on the only road into town, on the Swiss side of the great Arch marking the border, there are a couple of very agreeable, reasonably priced hotels.
It has a very agreeable Thai restaurant. It has Swiss apartments for rent and for sale, good restaurants, great pool, and recreation area. In Campione itself, there are no hotels currently operating.
The historic Swiss town just South of Campione is called Bissone. It is only 3 kilometers just over a mile from the freeway exit to Campione.
Local roads in Campione are at least two lanes and paved. There is no border nor any formalities when passing between Switzerland and Campione.
Hiking back to Campione from Italy proper is all downhill and much easier. No one seems to care about the dozens of Campionese hikers and Italian visitors who use this shortcut to walk across the border.
It is marked with hard-to-find engraved boulders. You will find the wild mountain flowers of summer and spring, and the ambiance of winter quite charming in Campione — if you like that sort of thing.
The surrounding area is certainly very scenic at any time of year. Your automobile trip from Milan can be on a major highway.
Hopefully, you too will like alpine scenery, mountain lakes, and romantic palazzos, gardens, and castles. There are abandoned grand hotels, plus many mansions, palaces, and castles in various states of restoration or disrepair.
Many mansions have been in the same family for many generations. In America, property changes hands on average, once every seven years.
In Italy, the typical holding period is centuries. Do you like wonderful gardens full of terraces and classical sculpture? If so, you are in the area of some very special sights.
We particularly recommend a lunch visit on a sunny day to Stresa Island located in nearby Lake Maggiore. Be prepared to be bowled over by a once private palace now open to the public.
Villa Pallavicini, for example, is particularly worth a visit. Be sure to take a ferry-boat ride to Isole Borromee.
This will give you a taste of the local geography. It will show you how rich people used to live in the 18th century. Mussolini gave the palace at Stresa to his mistress and then used it for entertaining foreign visitors of state.
He brought them to Stresa to enjoy the aristocratic Italian atmosphere. Campione itself used to have quite a few impressive mansions. Most of the best ones were torn down, giving way to condominiums for tax-exiles.
The few remaining lakefront mansions in Campione, if for sale, would cost over 5 million! Should you want to buy a run-down mansion in nearby Italy, there are plenty for sale at the price of a large condo in Campione.
In fact, the surrounding area is a Swiss health resort region. The local weather is not as cold as in the rest of Switzerland. The seasonal changes are mild and the winds light to moderate.
It is more like Monte Carlo, in temperature. But say 5 degrees Centigrade colder. The air quality is better.
Instead of auto-exhaust fumes to breathe, Campione has clean, unpolluted, mountain air. Plus great mountain spring water.
This is one major advantage over Monaco. Campione is the end of the road, a destination, not a transit point. Aside from the weekend casino crowd, it is not on any tourist itinerary.
Casino visitors are mainly Italians from Milan who come up Friday or Saturday for the dinner show. Wealthy Swiss visit too, getting away from Switzerland to exotic Italy.
During summer weekends, the large municipal parking lots fill up, and only then there is no free street parking to be had. Most of the time, Campione streets are empty.
On the two-block long main street, there are several sidewalk cafes and bars that have a charming ambiance. Property is relatively cheap also…for the moment!
There is no pollution, industry, or crime. The mountain and lake scenery is breathtaking. The sub-Alpine climate and year-round temperature is second to none.
Free classical and pop concerts are offered weekly in Campione. Want film and jazz festivals? A vibrant, never-ending social and cultural life is a few minutes drive away in Lugano, Bellan-zone, Ascona, and Locarno.
There are more banks and stockbrokers locally in Lugano and Chiasso than you can count. The area is second only to Zurich in the proliferation of financial services.
Tokyo, London, and Wall Street publications are available at many stands on the day of publication. Locally you can eat in several hundred ethnic gourmet restaurants, see first-run English language films in a movie palace the likes of which no longer exist in other big cities.
In the summer, films are shown outdoors. Most of the action is in Lugano, ten minutes across the lake by bus, or over the one-mile long causeway with your car.
Shopping, dining, nightclubbing, golf, horses, tennis clubs, spectator sports — every pleasure known to man is available. Modern hospitals and internationally known clinics attract the wealthiest people of the world to the Lugano area for a variety of cures and treatments.
As to morality and personal eccentricity, local Italian-Swiss are easy-going and more tolerant than their German-Swiss neighbors to the North.
Only a short drive from Italy, France, Austria, Liechtenstein, and Germany, Campione is still a sleepy peaceful, and unspoiled tax haven. Both patrol all Campione streets in their cars about every hour—day and night.
The Carabinieri or national police have the reputation of being user-friendly — always polite and very helpful to normal citizens. In other words, they never push people around.
If you are in trouble of any kind, they help. The local Polizia in the rest of Italy is not nearly as friendly as the local cops in Campione.
They soon get to know all new residents. We understand that aside from traffic accidents, casino cheaters, money laundering, and lovers quarrels, there has been no crime in Campione for around 75 years.
In other words, no violent crime. It would be hard for a burglar to make off with anything large as there is only one road in and out.
Swiss police are often in position at or near the Arco, watching for suspicious activity. I have never felt safer than here in Campione!
In my other home in the Riviera, there are dozens of pick-pocketing, armed robbery, murders, and other violent crimes every single day—, especially in summer.
Never even an incident in Campione. One can live inside Switzerland, take advantage of all the attractive aspects of Switzerland, and yet not be subject to relatively heavy Swiss personal income taxes or Swiss military service.
Additionally, it is not easy to get a Swiss residence permit. In fact, a foreigner who buys property in Switzerland opens a can of worms: he may not be permitted to sell his property for up to fifteen years.
In Campione, life is more simple. A foreigner can arrive and immediately rent or buy without any permit. When the time comes, he can sell to anyone he pleases, again without any official permits.
Fortravel information and stories specifically related to coronavirus, please read the latest updates from our colleagues at BBC News.
The town, an outpost of Italy entirely surrounded by Switzerland, has been caught in a diplomatic realignment since the first of the year. Unemployment is soaring and basic government services have been disrupted, all of which have only been exacerbated by the coronavirus pandemic.
The town is a geographic rarity known as an enclave — a territory completely surrounded by another territory. Residents are accustomed to their quirky status, which stretches back more than a millennium.
Under a long-established agreement between the two countries, they worked in the Swiss customs territory, paid bills with Swiss francs and were served by Italian police that drove Swiss-licenced cars.
Municipal services, from rubbish collection to education, were supplied by Switzerland. But two years ago, the gaming house declared bankruptcy, throwing nearly employees out of work in a town of just 2, residents.
Empty storefronts now line its main street, and the cash-strapped town has closed its kindergarten and cut city services.
Pensioners saw their monthly stipend slashed, forcing some to turn to food banks for groceries. Then on the first day of , Campione was forced to re-join the Italian economy and thus the EU, a move initiated four years ago by government leaders in Rome.
In the s, the "d'Italia" was added to the end of the town's name by Benito Mussolini, along with building an ornate gate at its entrance, to assert its Italian-ness.
Nowadays, even though the town is Italian, it has considerable integration with Switzerland: the Swiss franc is legal tender, the town uses the Swiss phone and mail systems, and firefighters and ambulances are also Swiss.
As of January 1, , Campione switched from the Swiss to the Italian customs territory and thus into the European customs union.
While both countries belong to the Schengen zone, there may now be customs controls. From Lugano, see below for how to get there by bus or boat ; and from Milan, you can get trains run by the SBB Schweizerische Bundesbahnen between Milan and nearby Melide, from where you can get the bus into Campione.